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Mount Baekdusan & Cheonji Caldera Lake | North Korea / China

Location

North Korea
42° 0' 33.7608" N, 128° 3' 38.736" E
KP
Mount Baekdusan & Cheonji Caldera Lake

Mount Baekdusan & Cheonji Caldera Lake - Photo: mississippu

Baekdu Mountain, also known in China as Changbai Mountain (when referencing only the mountain) and Baitou Mountain (when referencing both the mountain and its crater lake, Heaven Lake), is an active volcanic mountain on the border between North Korea and China. At 9,003 ft (2,744 m), it is the highest mountain of the Changbai mountain range to the north and Baekdudaegan mountain range to the south. It is also the highest mountain in the Korean Peninsula and in northeastern China.

A large crater lake, called Cheonji Caldera Lake / Heaven Lake (Korean:천지, Chinese:天池), is in the caldera atop the mountain. The caldera which contains Heaven Lake was created by a major eruption in 969 CE (± 20 years).

The lake has a surface elevation of 7,182 ft (2,189.1 m). The lake covers an area of 3.79 sq mi (9.82 km²) with a south-north length of 3.01 mi (4.85 km) and east-west length of 2.08 mi (3.35 km). The average depth of the lake is 699 ft (213 m) and maximum depth of 1,260 ft (384 m). From mid-October to mid-June, it is typically covered with ice.

More infos: Wikipedia-Mount Baekdusan; Wikipedia-Cheonji Caldera Lake
 

Mount Baekdusan & Cheonji Caldera Lake

Mount Baekdusan & Cheonji Caldera Lake -Photo: nihongarden

Mount Baekdusan & Cheonji Caldera Lake

Mount Baekdusan & Cheonji Caldera Lake -Photo: 马冀

Mount Baekdusan & Cheonji Caldera Lake

Mount Baekdusan & Cheonji Caldera Lake - Photo: Michael Kelley

Mount Baekdusan & Cheonji Caldera Lake

Mount Baekdusan - Photo: 送风

SUBMITTED ON 05.24.2013.